1 out of 13 males in India has prostate cancer. This situation is quite alarming because prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer among men. Since it is confined to the prostate gland, prostate cancer enlarges slowly, and they don’t cause any significant harm. However, in some cases, it has been observed that the nature of cancer is aggressive and can expand quickly. Therefore, it is best if prostate cancer is early detected as it is confined to the prostate gland and has the best chance for successful treatment.
In the early stages, Prostate cancer can be asymptomatic. But if it is in the advanced stage, signs and symptoms can be observed later, such as:
- Trouble urinating.
- Blood in the urine and semen.
- Weight loss.
- Back pain.
- Erectile dysfunction.
If the symptoms mentioned above are persistent, we recommend you consult the doctor immediately.
Though any man can have Prostate cancer, still certain factors raise your risk of having this cancer. These factors are following:
- OLD AGE- Your risk of prostate cancer increases with your growing age. It is most common after the age of 50.
- FAMILY HISTORY – if your blood relative, for instance- a patient, sibling, or a child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer. It is a possibility that your risk of getting prostate cancer can be higher.
- OBESITY – people who are morbidly obese may have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer than people who have a healthy weight.
In obese people, the cancer is dangerous, and it is more likely to return after the initial treatment.
We advise men in their 50s to get a brief checkup done.
Though you can reduce the risk of prostate cancer if you:
- Choose a healthy and balanced diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Increase your physical activities.
- Increase your exposure to sunlight.
- Go for regular screening.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test is one of the prostate screening tests. A blood sample is taken from your arm and gets examined for PSA – a naturally produced substance by your prostate glands. It is normal if a small amount of PSA is present in your bloodstream. However, if a higher than usual level is found, this may indicate prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement, or cancer.
Prostate cancer treatment options are heavily dependent on several factors, such as cancer growth, its proliferation in your overall health, and the side effects of the treatment.
Low-grade prostate cancer may not require immediate treatment. Others may require surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and new hormonal therapies.
With ageing, prostate cancer can be a potential risk for men. However, if it is diagnosed early and treated well, then it does not cause any significant harm. Adopting a healthy lifestyle paired with exercise recommended by a doctor decreases your risk. Therefore, men, especially in middle age, must have a brief conversation with a doctor regarding this disease.